7 programming languages ​​you should know in 2021 - Future Programming Languages

What programming language to learn to become a sought-after developer? Capture the top 7 future programming languages ​​you need in 2021.


programming languages ​​you should know in 2021


We live in a digital age in which information technology is developing rapidly. Today, the demand for learning programming is growing rapidly. Development is divided into small specialties, including systems programming, game development, mobile application design, and web programming. If you want to learn to develop on your own or take a proper position, pay attention to the languages ​​that are popular today.

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Programmers choose from a wide variety of languages, from JavaScript to Python software development. Some have only exploded in popularity in recent years - Python programmers, for example, are a fast-growing niche, while others are in sharp decline.
Since programming languages ​​are at the heart of the product, it is important to understand why developers use specific languages ​​and what the total benefits each will bring to their software.

For example, Java, C ++, and Python developers receive different benefits. So what language is the best for your project? Consider the top programming languages ​​for 2020.

1. Python

Python continues to gain ground. In fact, according to Stack Overflow, it is the only programming language that has shown a steady upward trend in popularity over the past five years.
The TIOBE index predicts that it will soon outpace Java and C. So if you choose Python as the development tool for your next project, you are not alone.
Python developers learn to write code quickly and easily due to the simplicity of the language. It is a general purpose language, that is, it is used to create anything. It is also free and open source and provides a ton of libraries.

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Machine learning, artificial intelligence, big data, and robotics are built on Python. The big challenge in software development, cybersecurity, is also handled by Python. Also, in 2019 Python is the most popular language for introductory courses at universities.

Benefits:

  • Transparent form, clear structure, short syntax.
  • Available on all UNIX, MS-DOS, Mac OS, Windows and Linux operating systems, and other Unix-like operating systems.
  • Strong compatibility with Unix, hardware, third-party software with a large library.
  • With its high processing speed, Python is suitable for writing both small scripts and extremely large programs like Blender 3D.


Disadvantages:

Without access modifiers such as: protected, private and public.


2. Java

Java is the most famous programming language. It was released in 1995 and remains popular to this day, although, as mentioned above, Python developers may soon outnumber Java programmers. This general-purpose language is widely used to develop mobile applications and games, especially for Android.
Java is among the highest paying programming languages. Java is used by 9 million developers and 7 billion devices around the world. It is an essential platform for writing business software applications. As of November 2020, Java is ranked # 1 in the TIOBE developer community, accounting for 16.25% of the top 50 programming languages ​​list.


Java


Benefits:

  • Multi platform.
  • Great business development frameworks (Java EE and Spring stack).
  • Low entry threshold for beginners.
  • Reflection in the language itself, thanks to which such powerful libs as Hibernate, Jackson, etc. appeared.
  • You can write for Android.
  • It can be integrated with other JVM languages ​​i.e Scala, Kotlin, Groovy.


Disadvantages:

  • Performance is lower than native languages ​​despite techniques like JIT compilation.
  • Lots of boilerplate code.
  • The frames are heavy and complex in configuration. For Spring they even wrote Spring Boot, in fact a frame upon a frame.


3. JavaScript

The number of JavaScript users has grown lately. It is currently ranked # 1 in popularity according to the 2019 Stack Overflow Developer Survey. It is an object-oriented language that is responsible for creating dynamic and interactive web pages, which includes features such as animation and scaling. JavaScript has a great community and a lot of support, libraries, and frameworks.
It is language No.1 on GitHub in terms of pull requests. Today, many modern websites use JavaScript.
When you run JavaScript in your browser, you don't load any additional software. And also the language is very accessible for beginners. Due to its simplicity and speed, many startups and technology companies use JavaScript today.

Benefits:

  • Easy to learn, also due to the fact that it has few low-level concepts.
  • A large community, a large number of materials and courses are freely available.
  • It develops very fast, it becomes more convenient, there are many plugins like Typecript.
  • JavaScript runs on any operating system with a browser that supports it.

Disadvantages:

  • Too much freedom in coding and it's easy to make mistakes because there are no hard and fast rules, no compile-time checking, no types, etc.
  • Little security, inability to hide the code.
  • WTF JavaScript is about it too.


4. C ++

C ++ has gained popularity among developers around the world and often becomes the foundation for learning other languages. This powerful programming language with a history of more than 30 years is still actively used in game development.

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Many popular applications are written in C ++, including Google Chrome, Photoshop, PDFReader, and others. Microsoft, PayPal, and LinkedIn continue to use it. If you are a professional C ++ programmer, you have every chance of earning a top-tier salary from the big boys like Google or Facebook.
In today's reality, the community is still actively improving C ++. More and more language updates are being made, such as C ++ 14, C ++ 17, and the upcoming C ++ 20.

Benefits:

  • With the support of the community, most programmers begin to learn computer science with C / C ++.
  • It is used in many large projects, including those with high loads.
  • High memory control, the ability to improve security and application performance.
  • It inherits the traditional strengths of the C language, such as flexibility or compatibility with hardware devices.


Disadvantages:

  • Complex syntactic constructions are often encountered that are sometimes difficult to read.
  • If you don't require high performance in your application, C ++ is not necessary, because it is easier to use the same Python with numerous third-party modules, which will greatly simplify and speed up development.


5. C #

For developers who know Java, learning C # is relatively easy. It is relatively young, launched in 2001, but shows positive momentum with a growing community and support. C # is an object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft. C # runs on the .NET platform, which is used to write desktop games and applications on Windows. Although C # is also suitable for mobile application development. This language is based on the C and C ++ languages, but it is easier to use.
C # has the same syntax as Java. Additionally, the Xamarin platform, written in C #, is used to develop applications for devices with a variety of operating systems (Android, iOS, and others). C # is commonly used in virtual reality, 2D and 3D games.

Benefits:

  • C # is an easy language to learn.
  • C # has a huge online community and the Internet is full of materials and courses to learn.
  • Creation of multiplatform software.
  • Development of applications for Android and iOS.


6. Swift

Swift and Python developers are two of the fast growing segments of the programming industry. Released in 2014, Swift is the language of choice for Apple software and applications. So if you want to develop products that are compatible with Mac OS or iO, learn about Swift.
Despite its age, it has already proven to be a very practical and functional language, especially when compared to previous languages ​​associated with Apple. It is also easy to maintain and uses very little memory.


7. PHP

Software development in JavaScript and Python has become much more widespread than PHP, but the language is still popular. PHP is a general-purpose language and is used primarily for server-side programming.
WordPress works with PHP and with big companies like Facebook, MailChimp and Slack. Some useful features include quality debugging and an extensive ecosystem. PHP is easy to learn too.


Conclusion

Now you know which languages ​​will be in demand in 2021 and you will see them everywhere in the coming months.
Given your personal and team preferences when choosing a language, keep in mind that each offers advantages to achieve different goals. For example, To manage desktop and mobile applications, You can become a developer by learning python. When you need interactive elements on your site, the choice will most likely fall on JavaScript. C # is a good option for creating games.
Regardless of the language you choose, know that all seven on this list offer clear benefits and help you create great code for your project.
Also, do not ignore and learn other languages ​​- this predisposes to the convenience of work. In fact, the development of information technology and the latest trends push you to learn more and more programming languages ​​to become a multilateral developer.


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